Coffee Definitions

Just contemplating all the different words and terms and phrases used in the Coffee Business. This is a work in progress.

Coffee Definitions
What is Espresso?
Is a concentrated, thick consistency coffee beverage brewed by forcing hot water under pressure through finely ground coffee beans. Good espresso is sweet, and not bitter or sour, and has a characteristic layer of brown foam on top called Crema. Espresso is not a coffee roast or type of bean.
What is Crema?
Brown foam on top of Espresso that is an emulsion of coffee oils, proteins and sugars.
What is a Barista?
Your highly skilled bartender who makes espresso using an espresso machine.
What is Affogato? (drowned)
Espresso over vanilla ice cream or gelato
What is Cafe Americano?
Espresso and hot water
What is Antoccino? (priceless)
Single shot of espresso with equal amount of steamed milk.
What is Black Eye?
A cup of drip coffee with two shots of espresso mixed together. (red eye, or Canadian)
What is Bombon? (confection)
Espresso served with sweetened condensed milk.
What is Breve? (short)
Espresso with half-and-half
What is Caffe Freddo?
Pre-sweetened and served ice cold espresso. Not over ice.
What is Carajilo? (nothing)
Espresso with a shot of Brandy.
What is Cappuccino?
one third espresso and one third steamed milk, and one third foam.
What is Corretto? (corrected)
coffee witha shot of liquor, usually Grappa or Brandy.
What is Con Hielo? (with ice)
Espresso with sugar immediately poured over two ice cubes.
What is Cortado?
Espresso cut with a small amount of warm milk
What is Cubano?
Sugar added to the brewing container before brewing of espresso. Sweet.
What is Doppio?
Double espresso. 2 ounces.
What is Espresso con Panna?
Espresso with whipped cream on top.
What is Flat White?
Coffee drink made of 1/3 espresso, and 2/3 steamed milk.
What is Guillermo?
One or two shots of espresso poured over slices of lime. Sometimes served over ice and sometimes with a touch of milk.
What is Iced Coffee?
Coffee brewed and chilled and served over ice.
What is Cafe Latte? (milk)
Espresso with steamed milk and foam or not.
What is Latte Macchiato? (stained milk)
Espresso poured over steamed milk.
What is Cafe Macchiato? (stained or marked) (stained or marked) (stained or marked)
Small amount of milk or cream spooned onto the espresso.
What is Long Black?
Espresso added to hot water
What is Lungo?
More water allowed past the espresso for a watered down, weaker espresso.
What is Mocha?
Latte blended with chocolate.
What is Red eye?
Drip coffee with a shot of espresso
What is Ristretto? (restricted)
Espresso with less water for a more concentrated espresso.
What is Microroaster?
Small batch roasting of coffee allows for a hands on technique to insure that each batch of coffee is perfectly roasted to bring out the very best flavors.
What is Microfoam?
Steamed milk that has very tiny bubbles that add texture and body to milk. Big bubbles are a flaw.

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